Contact between northern Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean was going on long before  Hildegard's day. This ring, found in a ~850 CE grave at Birka near Stockholm is an example. The symbol means "of Allah"

'For Allah' Inscription Found on Viking Era Ring

Ring brings ancient Viking, Islamic civilizations closer together “More than a century after its discovery in a ninth century woman’s grave, an engraved ring has revealed evidence of close contacts.

Ring from Grave 515 at Birka inscribed "Allah."  In the Historiska Museet, Stockholm.

Ring from Grave 515 at Birka inscribed "Allah." In the Historiska Museet, Stockholm.

Ring från Birka<BR>Finger ring from Birka - Historiska

Viking ring with engraved glass. Scientists recently examined a silver ring holding a gem engraved with the word “Allah” that was discovered in a Viking-era woman’s grave by Swedish archaeologists in the late nineteenth century.

bague birka allah - Recherche Google

bague birka allah - Recherche Google

L'anneau en argent avait été découvert par un archéologue au 19e siècle dans la tombe d'une femme viking à Birka, en Suède. (The Swedish History Museum)

An asthonishing old ( c) From the vikings but with a n intaglio for Allah which demonstrates the links in these old times between the vikings and the muslim people ! Very interesting endeed !

Ring Inscribed With ‘For Allah’ Phrase Comes From A Viking Grave Site.

Found from a century Viking grave at Birka, the ring has its pinkish-violet hued stone inscribed with “for Allah” or “to Allah”.

bague birka allah - Recherche Google

bague birka allah - Recherche Google

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