The five layer sandwich construction consists of a central layer of wool fleece, covered with rough linen and fine linen on the outside. Some of the fleece may eventually have been stuffed in after stitching but there is clear evidence for the sewing thread penetrating the fleece layer in at least one section.
Quilted Jupon, Tomb of Aymon de Sarraz in La Sarraz, c. 1369., Switzerland
Debajo de la armadura
Bag, hood, jupon. Gunter XXV 1368 and wife Elisabeth of Honstein 1381 servant 7 Germany Arnstadt Liebfrauenkirche
Queste del Saint Graal. Italie, Milan, vers 1380-1385. BNF, Manuscrits occidentaux, Français 343, fol 13v
Padded helmet liner, 15th century, Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, Glasgow, UK.