The ancient cave monastery of Vardzia in southern Georgia. The main period of construction was the second half of the twelfth century. The caves stretch along the cliff for some five hundred metres and in up to nineteen tiers. The Church of the Dormition,
Ananuri Castle on the Aragvi River in Georgia. Ananuri was the seat of the eristavis (Dukes) of Aragvi, a feudal dynasty which ruled the area from the century. The castle was the scene of numerous battles.