Joel Brand was a sailor and odd-job man, originally from Transylvania but raised in Germany, who became known for his efforts during the Holocaust to save the Hungarian-Jewish community from deportation to the concentration camp at Auschwitz. He is remembered, in particular, for his negotiations with the German Schutzstaffel (SS) officer, Adolf Eichmann, to barter one million Jews for 10,000 trucks and other goods, a deal the Nazis called "Blut gegen Waren" ("blood for goods").
In Finland during World War II, some women join Lotta-Svard (named for a fictional Finnish battlefield heroine), making the female paramilitary group the largest volunteer organization in the world. My aunt, Anna Kallio, was a Lotta :-) She was just
US troops travel the English Channel on a barge en route to Normandy, France for the D-Day Invasion, World War II. An American flag flies behind them. June 1944 (Photo by Anthony Potter Collection/Getty Images)
The Gleiwitz incident was a staged attack by Nazi forces posing as Poles on 31 August against the German radio station Sender Gleiwitz in Gleiwitz (since Gliwice, Poland) on the eve of World War II in Europe.