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In Mesopotamian mythology, Gilgamesh is a demigod of superhuman strength who built the city walls of Uruk to defend his people from external threats, and traveled to meet the sage Utnapishtim, who had survived the Great Deluge.

[Controversial] Walls Of Uruk Built By Sumerian King Gilgamesh 4500 Years Ago

Following the collapse of the Sumerian "Ur-III" dynasty at the hands of the Elamites in 2002 BC, the Amorites, another Semitic people who had begun to migrate into Mesopotamia from the northern Levant, gradually gained control over most of southern Mesopotamia.The city-state of Babylon circa 1894 BC,ultimately took over other city states in southern Mesopotamia and formed the first Babylonian empire, also called the Old Babylonian Period.

Following the collapse of the Sumerian "Ur-III" dynasty at the hands of the Elamites in 2002 BC, the Amorites, another Semitic people who had begun to migrate into Mesopotamia from the northern Levant, gradually gained control over most of southern Mesopotamia.The city-state of Babylon circa 1894 BC,ultimately took over other city states in southern Mesopotamia and formed the first Babylonian empire, also called the Old Babylonian Period.

The excavation crew in Pit X at Ur, Iraq, 1933

The Royal Cemetery of Ur, Iraq: This photograph shows the progress of the excavations in the deep hole, Pit X, undertaken from by Leonard Woolley. The large-scale excavation removed cubic meters of soil and involved over 150 workers.

Ancient Fish, Sumerian, European History, Ancient Artifacts, Birth, Folk, Popular, Births, Fork

Out of Place Artifacts – “2.8 Billion” Year Old Spheres The spheroid he has on exhibit slowly rotates on its axis by its own power, while locked in its display case and free of outside vibrations.

Out of Place Artifacts – Billion” Year Old Spheres The spheroid he has on exhibit slowly rotates on its axis by its own power, while locked in its display case and free of outside vibrations.

Ebla

EBLA was one of the earliest kingdoms in SYRIA. EBLA was an important center throughout the third millennium BCE and in the first half of the second millennium BCE.

Le Code de Hammurabi est un texte juridique babylonien daté d'environ 1750 av. J.-C., à ce jour le plus complet des codes de lois connus de la Mésopotamie antique. Il a été redécouvert en 1901-1902 à Suse en Iran, gravé sur une stèle de 2,25 mètres de haut comportant la quasi-totalité du texte en écriture cunéiforme et en langue babylonienne, exposée de nos jours au Musée du Louvre à Paris

Le Code de Hammurabi est un texte juridique babylonien daté d'environ 1750 av. J.-C., à ce jour le plus complet des codes de lois connus de la Mésopotamie antique. Il a été redécouvert en 1901-1902 à Suse en Iran, gravé sur une stèle de 2,25 mètres de haut comportant la quasi-totalité du texte en écriture cunéiforme et en langue babylonienne, exposée de nos jours au Musée du Louvre à Paris

Sumerian Alabaster Figure of a Worshiper, Early Dynastic III, c. 2800-2550 BC This example is similar to others found at the temple of Sin (phase VIII) at Khafajah, an archaeological site in Diyala Province,Iraq. It was part of the ancient Sumerian city-state of Eshnunna in central Mesopotamia. The site lies 7 miles east of Baghdad.

Sumerian Alabaster Figure of a Worshiper, Early Dynastic III, c. BC This example is similar to others found at the temple of Sin (phase VIII) at Khafajah, an archaeological site in Diyala Province,Iraq. It was part of the ancient Sumerian.

"Why should you cry, 0 Enkidu? Are you not the bravest of men? Are you no longer my fearless friend and brother whom I admire more than anyone at all?"

Sumerian heroes Gilgamesh and Enkidu Slay Humbaba : Excerpt from the Sumerian epic of Gilgamesh; humankind's first written literature piece

Ankh relief by Stephan Alberola, via Flickr

❤família - The ankh, also known as key of life, was the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic character that read 'eternal life'; Egyptian gods are often portrayed carrying it by its loop, or bearing one in each hand, arms crossed over their chest.

Faravahar is one of the best-known symbols of Zoroastrianism, the state religion of ancient Iran. This religious-cultural symbol was adapted by the Pahlavi dynasty to represent the Iranian nation.

Bull-headed harp (lyre) w/ inlaid sound box, from the tomb of Pu-abi, Royal Cemetery, Ur, Iraq, Sumerian, ca. 2600-2400 BCE. Wood, gold, lapus lazuli, red limestone, shell; 3'8" high.

ancientpeoples: “ Queen’s Lyre Found at the Royal Cemetery of Ur 2600 BC Early Dynastic III Leonard Woolley discovered several lyres in the graves in the Royal Cemetery at Ur. This was one of two that he found in the grave of ‘Queen’ Pu-abi.

URUK - Temple de Pierre au pied de la Ziggourat du Temple Blanc.

URUK - Temple de Pierre au pied de la Ziggourat du Temple Blanc.

URUK - Vue générale en 2015 - La ville attend sous le sable une nouvelle campagne de fouilles...

Ashes to ashes, dust to dust…This is Uruk, the world’s first great city, home of Gilgamesh, hero of the world’s first great work of literature.

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