Sabine Baring Gould - Icelandic Magical Staves, “Iceland: Its Scenes and Sagas”, Icelandic magical staves (sigils) are symbols called Galdrastafur in Icelandic, and are credited with magical effect preserved in various grimoires dating from the.
The Viking Runes. The eldest runestones, inscribed with Norse runes, date from the century. These were the Elder Futhark runes. However, the most of the runestones were created during the late Viking Age and thus inscribed with theYounger Futhark runes.
Ancient Irish Celtic Symbols Ogham Runes of Ancient ''Druid Spells, Incantations and Intentions'', ''Fewsets Basic'' Ancient Symbols of ''Higher Spiritual Power and Magic'' The Ancient Magical Language of The ''Ancient Celtic Irish Druids''.