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Archbishop Thomas Becket (c1118 - 1162 - 1170 (52)) was murdered (attacked, beheaded and brained) on 29 December 1170 in his own cathedral in Canterbury, by four knights responding to the urgings of Plantagenet King Henry II (1133-1154-1189 (56)).  Even today this event is probably one of the best known in English history.

Canterbury Cathedral,Becket "portrait" window in the north ambulatory - made in the early using fragments of medieval stained glass

Gilbert II the Red de Clare, Earl of Gloucester wearing the Clare arms ~13th century painted glass, Tewkesbury Abbey. Gilbert married Edward I's daughter Joan Plantagenet

Gilbert II the Red de Clare, Earl of Gloucester wearing the Clare arms century painted glass, Tewkesbury Abbey. Gilbert married Edward I's daughter Joan Plantagenet

King Henry V of England married Catherine of Valois.on this day 2nd June, 1420 Supposedly Henry fell deeply in love with Catherine after his great victory at Agincourt. The marriage however was short lived and the two saw little of each other. Henry returned to France to wage war and died within two years of marrying Catherine, never seeing the child she became pregnant with (Henry VI). Catherine went on to have an affair with her Welsh servant, Owen Tudor with whom she had Edmund Tudor

King Henry V of England married Catherine of Valois.on this day June, Tudor (VII) was connected in his royal lineage and claim to the throne through this part of the Lancastrian house.

Henry V of England weds Catherine of Valois in 1420.

On June Princess Catherine of Valois, daughter of King Charles VI of France and Queen Isabeau of Baveria, married King Henry V of England in France.

The Plantagenets took their name from this plant, which in Latin is "planta genista".Between 1154 and 1485, a period of 331 years, England was ruledby one family. The Plantagenets, who were descended from one man, Geoffrey of Anjou whose badge was the broom plant. "planta genista".

The Plantagenets took their name from this plant, which in Latin is "planta genista".Between 1154 and 1485, a period of 331 years, England was ruledby one family. The Plantagenets, who were descended from one man, Geoffrey of Anjou whose badge was the broom plant. "planta genista".

Peasants' Revolt led by Wat Tyler in 1381. Meeting between Tyler and the revolutionary priest John Ball. Detail, miniature of the 15th-century by Froissart. (Photo by Prisma/UIG/Getty Images) The Plantagenet dynasty ruled England and much of France during the medieval period - monarchs included Henry II, Henry III, Edward II and the boy king Richard II - and their hatred, revenge, jealousy and ambition transformed history.

The Plantagenets: Peasants' Revolt led by Wat Tyler in Meeting between Tyler and the revolutionary priest John Ball. Detail, miniature of the by Froissart. (Photo by Prisma/UIG/Getty Images)

(Detail) 12th Century mural from Chapelle Sainte-Radegonde in Chinon, France. Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine (Queen to King Henry II of England) seen here wearing a golden crown. Alongside is their daughter Joanna. Queen Eleanor is thought to be symbolically handing a falcon to her son and heir Duke Richard who would also succeed his father - King Henry II of England. The young man in the white hat may be Geoffrey Duke of Brittany - also one of Eleanor and Henry's sons.

(Detail) Century mural from Chapelle Sainte-Radegonde in Chinon, France…

"Anne is dead", rare portrait of Richard III.  Click image to read the poem. Richard was the last Plantagenet ruler.

"Anne is dead", rare portrait of Richard III. Click image to read the poem. Richard was the last Plantagenet ruler.

Stained glass installed in preperation for Queen Elizabeth I's visit in the 1560's by Sir Thomas Smith.

Stained glass installed in preperation for Queen Elizabeth I's visit in the by Sir Thomas Smith.

Romanesque style icon of the Martyrdom of St Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury

Romanesque style icon of the Martyrdom of St Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury - egg tempera and gold leaf on gessoed wooden panel

Joan of Kent-known to history as ‘The Fair Maid of Kent’,described as “the most beautiful woman in all the realm of England, and the most loving”,known to history as ‘The Fair Maid of Kent’.First English Princess of Wales(1328-1385) lived impetuously and had a string of scandalous marriages.

Joan of Kent-known to history as ‘The Fair Maid of Kent’ described as “the most beautiful woman in all the realm of England." First English Princess of lived impetuously and had a string of scandalous marriages.

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