Barbados. A bearded fig tree in the rain forest in eastern Barbados. The name "Barbados" comes from a Portuguese explorer named Pedro Campos in 1536, who originally called the island Los Barbados ("The Bearded Ones") after the bearded fig tree, which grew abundantly on the island at the time of its discovery. This tree is unusual in that it sends aerial roots from its branches, giving the impression of being bearded. The tree also appears on the national Coat of Arms.