CAROLINGIAN & OTTONIAN ARCHITECTURE - Model of Palatine Chapel, Aachen. The chapel was faced by an entrance atrium. The Atrium adjoined to the chapel by a "westwork" an important innovation of Carolingian architecture.
Charlemagne 786 - 814
A model of the Celtic Settlement of Viladonga, Spain. Photo: KW. According to the available data, some 300 to 500 people are said to have lived in the small fort during its heyday. The site was steadily populated from around 50 BC to 450 AD.
Robert le Pieux dans la cathédrale d'Orléans - Grandes Chroniques de France - vers 1471 - BNF - Paris
Carte de France en 1030 lors du règne des premiers rois capétiens. More maps, and text, at cartesfrance.fr.