World's oldest map: Spanish cave has landscape from years ago. A stone tablet found in a cave in Abauntz in the Navarra region of northern Spain is believed to contain the earliest known representation of a landscape.
1562 Map of the Americas by Spanish cartographer Diego Gutierrez. First map to print the word "California" and "Appalachia". Note the awesome mermaids, cannibals (only in Brazil) and an erupting volcano in Mexico.