Overview map of the Ancient Near East in the c. BC (Middle Assyrian period), showing the core territory of Assyria w/its major cities Assur & Nineveh wedged between Babylonia downstream (to the SE) & the states of Mitanni & Hatti upstream (to the NW)
The Crusader states were a number of mostly and feudal states created by Western European crusaders in Asia Minor, Greece and the Holy Land, and during the Northern Crusades in the eastern Baltic area.
Nile Valley of Ancient Egypt ~ Egyptian civilization developed along the banks of the river Nile. The Nile Valley stands in sharp contrast to the arid deserts of Africa. Its long, narrow flood plain was a magnet for life, attracting people, animals and pl
HISTORY - Watch 1000 years of European borders change in 3 minutes - Video
JUST BEFORE THE END of Consantinople (the tiny break in Turkish control of the South Black Sea coast) Timur invaded from Persia. The Ottomans were defeated at the Battle of Ankara. The navies of Venice and Genoa RESCUED THE OTTOMAN ARMY AND CARRIED IT TO SAFETY IN TURKISH-HELD EUROPE! Also, the small, landlocked blue enclave in the West Anatolian mountains? That was PHILADELPHIA. Philadelphia held out for 60 YEARS!